Does tithing belong exclusively to the Law or should modern believers continue to tithe? Will we invoke God's curses and punishments if we do not tithe? Or are we promised with more material blessings by tithing? It seems that this is a recurring theme especially among the youths, so I thought...
If we are aware of the Old Covenant and New Covenant, with the understanding that we are now under the New Covenant and not the Old Covenant, it would probably make more sense why we are not required to tithe, which is part of the Old Covenant. Briefly, under the Old Covenant, God deals with mankind by giving a certain standard and then requiring man to meet up to that standard. Under the New Covenant, God deals with mankind by freely giving grace or unmerited favor, not because we are able to meet that standard, but precisely because we are unable to meet that standard.
Consider Heb 8:7, "For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another" and in Heb 8:13, "By calling this covenant "new", he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear." And in Heb 10:9, "Then he said, 'Here I am, I have come to do your will.' He sets aside the first to establish the second. And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all." So we see that Christ’s blood inaugurated a New Covenant. And as the New Covenant is superior to the Old Covenant, NT giving is superior to and of higher standard than OT tithing.
If we care to think about it, to say that believers must continue to tithe like in the days of the OT, in order to gain God's blessings or avoid God's curses or to fulfill God's requirement, is actually a serious distortion of the gospel of Jesus Christ. In fact, it outrightly contradicts the message of grace that came freely through Christ. If God did not spare His own Son, but gave Him up for us all, do you think He will withhold good things from us (Rom 8:32)? Does He who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ (Eph 1:3), really require us to tithe after giving us His very own Son? It was Christ whose blood set men free from the law’s curse in order for them to exult in the grace of God. So tithing actually put believers back under the law.
And if we want to understand why God has given the law to begin with, Galatians 3 has the answer. The law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith (Gal 3:24). So the intention of the law is to humble us and lead us to Christ, and therefore Christ is the end of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes (Rom 10:4).
If you wish to explore further on this topic, I will definitely recommend "Tithing: Low-Realm, Obsolete & Defunct" by Matthew E. Narramore because it's comprehensive and the online version is available for free. I will end with a passage taken from the book's website, which I thought nicely summarized the issue on tithing.
"Understanding what it means to be in Christ is the key to understanding why tithing is not part of the New Covenant. In Christ, we are no longer just servants of God who live by laws and principles as people did before the cross and the resurrection. We are now spiritually re-born of God and live by the indwelling Christ himself. Tithing was instituted for people who had a different relation to God than we now have in Christ. Tithing is inconsistent with the most important aspects of the New Covenant and the believer's new nature in Christ. This book examines all the arguments for tithing and compares them to the finished work of Christ at the cross. It explains who we are in Christ and how we can be led by the Spirit in our giving."
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